Resignation of Director

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    Resignation of Director

    An auditor may resign from the Company by serving a Notice along with the valid reason for resignation and fulfilling all the conditions as covered under the terms of the appointment letter.

    The Board of the Company shall take note of the resignation in their meeting.

    The resigning auditor shall within 30 days from the effective date of resignation, intimate company Registration about their resignation in the form.

    Voluntary Liquidation

    Voluntary liquidation is the liquidation of a corporate entity at the instance of its members, it is one of the exit alternatives for the investors. It is like a private liquidation proceeding where the court’s intervention is minimized.


    A Company that intends to liquidate itself voluntarily and has not committed any default on any debt to any person may initiate voluntary liquidation proceedings.


    The process of winding up has multiple dimensions which have been explained step by step below:

    I. Corporate Law aspect

    The process for liquidation will be governed by section 59 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and Companies Act, 2013 and the initial steps for liquidation are as follows:

    1. Declaration of solvency

    The first step will be the filing of a declaration of solvency by the Directors of the Company. In the process of filing the declaration following steps will be followed:

    • 1.1 Appointment of registered valuer: The registered valuer is appointed for the valuation of assets of the Company and to obtain the valuation report.
    • 1.2 Declaration of solvency in the form of an affidavit from the Directors, confirming that the Company is solvent and has not committed any default on repayment of debts, moreover the company is not being liquidated to defraud any person
    • 1.3 The declaration from directors and valuation report from registered valuer will then be filed with the registrar of companies

    2. Identify insolvency professional as liquidator

    The Board has to identify an Insolvency Professional, who is independent of the Company, to act as a Liquidator to conduct the voluntary liquidation process.

    3. Convening board Meeting and then Shareholder’s meeting for the appointment of an Insolvency Professional as the Liquidator of the Company.
    4. Filings with Registrar of Companies and IBBI (Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India)

    The liquidator has to file the resolutions to the Registrar of Companies and IBBI.

    The voluntary liquidation proceedings commence from the date of passing of the resolution by the members subject to the creditor’s approval. With the passing of a Special Resolution in the general meeting and appointment of Liquidator, all powers of the board of directors, and key managerial personnel shall cease to have effect and shall be vested in the liquidator.

    5. Powers and duties of Official Liquidator(OL)

    • 5.1 OL will verify the claim of the creditors of the Company
    • 5.2 He will take into custody, evaluate or control the assets and property of the Company and will take such measures to protect and preserve the assets of the Company.
    • 5.3 He may carry the business of the Company for its beneficial liquidation as he considers necessary.
    • 5.4 He shall open a separate bank account to keep the funds

    6. Completion of Liquidation

    The liquidator has to complete the process of liquidation within 12 months from the date of commencement of liquidation.

    7. National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) Proceedings

    • 7.1 When the affairs of the company are completely wound up, the liquidator has to make an application to NCLT for dissolution of the company.
    • 7.2 The NCLT shall then pass an order that the company shall stand dissolved from the date of the order.
    • 7.3 The order so received is then submitted to the Registrar of Companies for removing the name of the Company from its records

    II. Taxation aspect

    Before remitting funds to the account of the shareholders, the Company shall meet all its tax obligations.

    III. FEMA aspect

    This aspect is considered in case the shareholder of the Company is a foreign national/ non-resident in India. Subject to an order issued by NCLT in the case of voluntary liquidation of the company, AD bank shall allow remittance of funds to the shareholders subject to the following:

    1. No objection or tax clearance certificate from the Income tax department for the remittance
    2. Auditor certificate confirming that all liabilities in India have been fully paid up or adequately provided for
    3. Auditor certificate to the effect that the winding up is following the provisions of the Companies Act.
    4. In case of winding up otherwise than by a court, an auditor certificate to the effect that no legal proceedings are pending in any court in India against the applicant or the company under liquidation and there is no legal impediment in permitting the remittance.

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